Mount Everest | Everest Bodies | What Really Happens On Mt. Everest


Mount Everest | Everest Bodies |  What Really Happens On Mt. Everest

The highest mountain in the world that is of course Mount Everest. The beauty of this mountain is breath-taking and every year many brave people try to conquer its peak. Despite numerous attempts, only a few climbers managed to see the top of the mountain. In this article, I will tell you about all the secrets and perils of majestic Mount Everest.

How old is Mt Everest?

It is believed that Mount Everest which is part of the Himalayan mountains formed about 60 million years ago shortly after the extinction of dinosaurs. But in fact, this process began even earlier. Limestone and other rocks gradually accumulated in sedimentary layers at the bottom of the ocean and then began to rapidly move upward. That is why even today you can find fossils of the ancient living creatures at the peak of Mount Everest.  That is why many scientific expeditions set off to reach the peak of the mountain.

Mount Everest | Things You Should Know


How much does it cost to be able to climb Mount Everest?

Which country owns Mount Everest?

Mount Everest is one of the most remote places on Earth. It takes 10 days just to get to base camp in Nepal, six weeks to acclimatize, and another nine days to climb to the top, and that’s assuming conditions are ideal. It's also expensive, the low-end figure for a Mount Everest expedition is about $30,000, with an average cost of around $65,000.

On the perfect climbing day, you might encounter hundreds of other climbers, all trying to reach the exact same spot. So now, much like your favorite theme park, you have to wait in line. The difference is if you stand too long in line at a theme park the only pain and suffering you'll experience is the endless whining of your children. If you wait too long in line at Mt. Everest, you might run out of oxygen and die.

You can climb Mt. Everest from two different base camps: One in Nepal, and the other in Tibet. The governments behind both camps used to be pretty selective about who got to go up the mountain. Up until 1985, Nepal tended to allow only one expedition on each route at a time. But Nepal is not a wealthy nation, and a single climbing permit costs $11,000. That represents a significant income for Nepal: in total, the climbing industry is worth about $300 million a year. The Nepalese government issued a record number of 381 permits in 2019 and announced no intention of scaling back, despite seeing the highest death toll since 2015.

What is the height of Mount Everest?

The question is, why are so many ordinary people striving to do the same. The first and most important reason is, of course, the height. Mount Everest is considered the tallest mountain in the world although this claim is sometimes challenged. The official figure is 8,848 meters and it defies comprehension for comparison. This is only a couple of hundred meters below the flight altitude of a passenger aircraft.

The mountain is still growing; this happens due to the collision of tectonic plates which continue to push the mountain toward the sky. In Nepal, this mountain has several official names. It is widely known as Mount Everest sometimes people refer to it as Chomolungma.  Do you know where its most famous name came from?

Mount Everest | Everest Bodies |  What Really Happens On Mt. Everest


When was Mount Everest discovered and by whom?

In 1841 Mount Everest was discovered by participants of the great trigonometrical survey conducted in the Himalayas. The peak was soon declared the highest point in the world. Named after Colonel Sir George Mount Everest was the initiator of the expedition. Ironically, the scientist himself never saw the peak named after him because he retired before the start of the survey.
Mt. Everest became available for climbing in 1856. Since then many have tried to climb to the top but only about 5000 climbers succeeded.  In recent years, even more, people decided to conquer the peak. It is believed that more than 500 people climbed to the top of Mount Everest each year.

The growth in the number of climbers is attributed to the improvement of professional equipment. The long way up always begins with the so-called Mount Everest base camp. It is considered a starting point for climbers and staying in it is mandatory for at least a couple of days.

But why should you postpone the experience of a lifetime you might ask?  This is required for acclimatization and prevention of altitude sickness. The latter is especially dangerous since the air at high altitude is much thinner and it might cause oxygen starvation of the brain.

Mount Everest | Things You Should Know


How long does it take to climb Mount Everest?

The 8,000 meters mark the way from the base camp to the top can take six to seven days. Sometimes much more needless to say climbers experienced many hardships and difficulties. But what is life like in the base camps? People who have experienced this say that in recent years the amenities for climbers have become much better. For example, in the 2000s you had to wash your clothes manually.  But today local workers offer to do this for you. Just give them your clothes and they will wash them in the nearest glacial lake for a fee. Experienced travelers do not recommend taking a bath there. As the risk of hypothermia and other illness.


What do Climbers Eat?

 Another interesting question, what do climbers eat?  They say that at the beginning of the 21st century each member of the expedition to the summit of Mount Everest lost 10 or even 15 kilograms during the ascent. All because of the huge physical exertion and rather meager nutrition. Since then everything is changed for the better. Nepal even has an entire gastronomic training program for cooks working on this route. They travel to European countries to learn cooking.

Every climber always takes his own food with him. Basically, these are instant products that can be cooked with boiling water. But how do you fit it all in your backpack?  You might wonder. In fact, when it comes to a commercial expedition it is not the climbers who carry the food dishes or burners to the top. Sherpa’s the representatives of a small Nepalese ethnic group who work as guides there are ready to help.  Almost no expedition to Mount Everest goes without their help.

Before the start of the expedition, almost all climbers should receive a blessing. This is done as part of a traditional Buddhist ceremony called puja.  Travelers bring offerings to the gods receive a blessing for their equipment and ask mountain deities for protection. During their ascent to the sacred mountain.

Mount Everest | Everest Bodies |  What Really Happens On Mt. Everest


The tallest mountain in the World

 Another important factor is the time chosen for the expedition. If you thought that you could conquer the world-famous peak at any time of the year you are wrong.  The period recommended for climbing is only a couple of weeks a year.  Because of the strong wind. The speed of these winds sometimes reaches more than 300 km/h. The vast majority of expeditions happen in May because at this time the region has the most comfortable air temperature. 

The Nepalese Apa Sherpa who conquered Mount Everest 21 times is one of the record holders in the number of ascents.  However, it is worth noting that he is a Sherpa, so during most of his expeditions he was assisting other climbers. Apa Sherpa knows too well how Mt. Everest has changed over the past couple of decades. Some of the things he talks about are really troubling.

 Apa says, that each year there is less snow on the top of the mountain. This is bad not only for the entire ecosystem but also means new dangers for climbers. Bare rock significantly increases the risk of Rock Falls.  He is also an active member of the programs aimed to protect the ecological environment of Mount Everest.  In 2000 he and his comrades used to take out three tons of garbage from the slopes of the mountain. In 2008 this amount increased to 13 tons. This makes you think about how harmful human activities are for the environment even if they were conceived as an opportunity to reunite man in nature.


Mt, Everest Dead Bodies.

Speaking about Mount Everest, one cannot ignore the tragedies that happen there every year. As of 2017 about 5,000 people have conquered Mt. Everest but about 300 of them did not make it to the top. This means for every 30 successful summits there is one unsuccessful. Half the cases avalanche and falls are the cause of deaths and 1/5 of all deaths are associated with altitude sickness.  However, thanks to increasingly effective weather forecasting and improved equipment. The percentage of unsuccessful climbs drops every year.

Related: Strength Training Program | 8 Must-Follow Successful Tips.

How many dead bodies are on Mount Everest?

Another question usually people ask, how a climber passes by a dying person at an altitude of 8,000 meters.  Yes, that could happen, does this mean this person is heartless? But hardly you could understand that in such conditions most conquerors are extremely exhausted. The conditions make it very difficult to make life or death decisions, for yourself, or anyone else. There are about 306 recorded Everest Fatalities.


Green Boots


Once you're in the death zone there's very little you can do to help a fellow climber in distress. Meaning that trying to help someone may just result in both of you dying. It might be cruel but in the end, climbers were well aware of all the risks when they agreed to such a dangerous trip. In emergencies, there are always Sherpa’s nearby. They usually have the means to provide first aid

Are there dead bodies on Mount Everest?

Another interesting fact is that the bodies of the dead climbers are sometimes left in the snow of Mount Everest forever. This really happens quite often but not because people don't care. In fact, more than half of the dead climbers write in their own will that in case of death they want to be left on the mountain.  In this case, it's prohibited to touch their bodies by law.

 Some of them make a will for poetical reasons but the rationale behind this is the huge cost of transporting the body to the foot of the mountain. Even Sherpa cannot always help a person who is dying of exhaustion. The number of deaths of climbers is dwindling but people die anyway in May of each year.  You can see many headlines in the media dedicated to the people who died from climbing Mount Everest. Someone dies from avalanches someone from a heart attack.

That temperature drops roughly 2.7 degrees for every 490 feet of elevation and the summit is 11,429 feet above base camp. On the flip side, some parts of Mount Everest can be hot in May, up to 90 degrees, especially broad, snowy expanses that reflect the sun. So even in ideal conditions, the weather is going to be bad. And just because you book your ascent during that narrow window doesn't necessarily mean you're going to be safe.

Rescue on mt. Everest


How many climb Mt Everest each year?

In recent years there has been a rash of so-called "blue sky" deaths, because everyone wants to climb Mt. Everest when the sky is blue and in the 2019 season, the weather window was especially narrow. On May 22, 2019, climbers set a record for most humans to reach the summit in a single day with a total of more than 200.

Why climbers die on Mount Everest?

It's called that for a reason no matter how fit you are, once you reach a certain elevation, your body starts to literally die, and you still have more than 4,000 feet to go.  At that point, you're racing against your own mortality. That last 4,000 foot is called the death zone because there’s not enough air there for the human body to continue functioning.

Fluid can accumulate in the lungs, leading to altitude pulmonary edema, which causes a cough that's sometimes so severe it can crack a rib. The low oxygen can also lead to transient blindness or hemorrhage in the blood vessels of the eyes. And the whole experience is so physically taxing that one study found Mount Everest climbers typically lose between 10 and 20 pounds

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Mind playing tricks as climber’s body fails, so does the brain. Climbers in the death zone can experience high-altitude cerebral edema, which can cause vomiting and impaired judgment. Some climbers might actually forget they're on Mount Everest and behave irrationally at the worst possible time. Some climbers may even experience a kind of psychosis, and there are plenty of reports of people hallucinating.

Mount Everest | Things You Should Know


Conclusion.

People who have spent years preparing for Mount Everest may not be ready to face defeat even when it's obvious they're not going to make it. So instead of turning around and being humble, people push themselves through deadly conditions, and often, they get deadly results. The beauty of these places and the desire to leave the comfort zone continue to fascinate hundreds of brave conquerors and the risk of death is the price that they have to pay to make their dream come true.

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